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初中英语演讲稿技能解析

2020-04-08

  初中英语演讲稿技能,对书面表达中经常使用的重要说话点停止体系化整顿,从简到难,渐渐深刻,符合说话进修的习气。在知识点的表述上简洁、直白;对必须控制和懂得的概念均经过过程例句加以分析讲解,便于记忆。

  1.根据听众对象,留意演讲的整体措词

  演讲的整体措词是严肃一些照样活泼一些,是有较明显的说教口气照样用对等的口气,等等,都要根据听众对象而定。假设场下听众是同龄的先生,那么演讲的内容只需滑稽一些常常就可以惹起共鸣。但另外一方面,假设听众大年夜多是上了年纪的教员,太多的笑料反而会被认为“不严肃”,“不尊敬”,而惹起反感。

  用英语演讲,不要用太多 i feel, i think,总是用i,显得非常主不雅,狭窄。假设通篇满是 i feel, i think 的内容,会给人认为缺乏压服力。别的,perhaps, maybe 如许的词语,固然有“谦虚,谦虚”的成分,但太多会让人认为你演讲的内容有弗成靠的地方。

  还有,在演讲中,要罕用you,多用we。用you等于把本身与听众对立起来,而用we则拉近了与听众的间隔。比如:you should not smoke.听上去像经验人,而 let’s not smoke听起来是一个不错的建议。

  2.演讲要越短越好

  gettysburg address four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.

  we are met on a great battlefield of that war. we have come to dedicate a portion of the field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that the nation might live. it is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. but in a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.

  the brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. the world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.

  it is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. it is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us, ----that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion, ----that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, ----that this nation, under god, shall have a new birth of freedom, ----and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

  其实,我们中先生演习写演讲稿,可以短些,从4~5分钟,500~600个词,环绕一个主题开端演习。

  3.英语演讲稿的根本构成部分

  从大年夜的方面看,英语演讲词实际上是属于一种特别的解释文或群情文,其根本构成部分是:

  1)开端时对听众的称呼语

  最经常使用的是 ladies and gentlemen,也可根据不合情况,选用 fellow students, distinguished guests, mr chairman, honorable judges(评委)等等。

  2)提出论题 爱爱英语进修网站

  由于演讲的时间限制,必须直抒己见,提出论题。提出论题的办法有各类各样,但最活泼,最能惹起留意的是用举例法。比如:你要呼吁大年夜家关怀贫困地区的孩子,你可以用亲眼看到的或许搜集到的那些贫困孩子多么须要赞助的'实例开端。别的,用详细的统计数据也是一个有效的引出论题的办法,比如:你要谈遵守交通规矩的话题,你可以从举一系列有关车辆、车祸等的数据开端。

  3)论证

  对提出的论题,弗成主不雅地妄下结论,而要停止客不雅的论证。这是演讲中最须要下功夫的部分。关键是要把事理讲清楚。罕见的论证办法有举例法、因果法、比较法等等,可拜见英语群情文的有关章节。

  4)结论

  结论要长篇大论,以给听众留下深刻印象。

  5)开头

  开头要简洁,不要拉拉扯扯,说个没完。特别是不要受汉语影响,说些类似“预备缺乏,请谅解”,“请批驳斧正”如许的空话。最浅显的开头就是:thank you very much for your attention。

  4.英语演讲稿的说话特点

  1)多用虚词,多用短句,罕用构造复杂的长句

  在英语演讲中,and, but, so, then 等虚词要尽可能罕用,that, which 等词引导的定语从句也只会使句子构造变得复杂,而使听众难以跟演出讲者的思路,从而影响演讲的后果。相反,多应用虚词,短句,可使得演讲内容更清楚,气概更澎湃。

  2)演讲要留意应用各类修辞手段,增长演讲的感染力和蔼势。英语演讲中经常使用的修辞手段有:渐进(climax)、对比(antithesis)、排比(parallelism)、警句(epigram)等等,例如:

  that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.(排比)

  这个平易近有、平易近治、平易近享的国度将不会从地球上消掉。

  united, there is little we can not do;

  divided, there is little we can do.(对比)

  联结,我们便将无所不克不及;决裂,我们则会一事无成。

  let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.